Theme 3

Cost Reduction

Resource consumption is one of the largest factors affecting profitability and competitiveness. Material and maintenance costs can be difficult to reduce without upsetting the delicate balance between urban quality and affordability. However, reducing energy costs and improving energy efficiency in the urban environment is essential as systems aim to provide energy data to help with the proactive management of energy consumption and operating expenses while supporting strategic decision making and best energy management practices. These cost reduction indicators will help in decision making to increase energy efficiency, to fully utilize existing assets, and cut emissions without compromising output or building quality.

Indicator 23: Heat Demand Density
This indicator has been included as it will facilitate end users to examine the viability of district heating as a measure for application in the urban environment
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Indicator 24: Occupancy
This metric is of importance for decision makers as it informs them as to the availability of data and the capacity of buildings within the urban environment to have a more dynamic relationship with the energy grid
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Indicator 25: Smart Metering
This metric is of importance for decision makers as it informs them as to the availability of data and the capacity of buildings within the urban environment to have a more dynamic relationship with the energy grid
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Indicator 26: Total employment rate
Employment and unemployment patterns have a quantifiable impact on the profile of energy consumption which may take place in at the city scale as well as at sub city/building level.
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Indicator 27: Retrofitted Elements (Generation)
This indicator was deemed to be significant as it can enhance the accuracy of the modelled interventions in the urban environment by reflecting the impact of pre-existing interventions. In addition, this indicator was deemed to be of importance to end users as it reflects the uptake of interventions prompted by previous initiatives to promote the enhancement of energy efficiency
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Indicator 28: Retrofitted Elements (Insulation)
This indicator was deemed to be significant as it can enhance the accuracy of the modeled interventions in the urban environment by reflecting the impact of pre-existing interventions
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Indicator 29: Retrofitted Elements (Glazing)
This indicator was deemed to be significant as it can enhance the accuracy of the modelled interventions in the urban environment by reflecting the impact of pre-existing interventions
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Indicator 30: Retrofitted Elements (Heating)
This indicator was deemed to be significant as it can enhance the accuracy of the modelled interventions in the urban environment by reflecting the impact of pre-existing interventions.
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